As pertaining to motion pictures, describes any film that exploits, in its marketing or promotion, the use of stereoscopic (3-dimensional) filmmaking techniques.

This blog is my notepad as I research a nonfiction book spotlighting 3-D genre films of the last century. While the book will focus primarily on films from the 60's, 70's and 80's this blog has no restrictions.

All articles on this blog are copyright 2010-13 of its author,
Jason Pichonsky, unless otherwise stated.

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Frankenstein’s Bloody Terror

December 1, 2009 was a very sad day for me when I heard of the passing of Spanish horror icon Jocium Molina who many a horror fan will know better under his pseudonym Paul Naschy.

While no stranger to the lycanthrope Waldamar Daninsky, a character that Naschy is most closely associated with, I was just getting acquainted with the man and his body of work as I began my research for Depthsploitation.  I had begun reading his autobiography, Memoirs of a Wolfman, a few weeks earlier and had pitched La marca del Hombre lobo (1968) --his first wolfman film and shot in 3-D no less-- as a Classic Cut feature to Rue Morgue Magazine.  Paul Naschy was definitely on my mind at the time.

My Classic Cut was published in the March issue of Rue Morgue Magazine (#98), which featured an excellent tribute to Paul Naschy and his films.  Naschy fans should definitely track down a copy. Since the film is still fresh in my mind I though I’d take some time here on the blog to talk about it.  Consider it an addendum to the article.
As a 3-D film La marca del Hombre lobo is difficult to critique. While the original 1968 Spanish posters clearly declare the film to be en relieve (the Spanish equivalent of 3-D), in North America the film screened at most a handful of times, and in a much different edit to the prints we have now. 

The original Naschy film had been bought for North American distribution by producer Sam Sherman‘s company Independent-International Pictures, to replace the film Dracula vs. Frankenstein (1971), which had already been offered to theatre owners but was in a state of limbo (it’s negative was being held by a lab and didn’t look like it would ever get returned to Sherman and IIP).  Sherman needed a Frankenstein film so he re-titled La marca del Hombre lobo to Frankenstein’s Bloody Terror (1971) and added a voice-over prologue that declared the Frankenstein family had been inflicted with the werewolf’s curse and had changed it’s name to Wolfstein. It was stretch on Sherman's part to tie Naschy’s werewolf film to a Frankenstein monster flick. Even though the euro-horror film included vampires, there wasn’t a hint of a mad doctor creating monsters from human cadavers.  Sherman also lopped off about 11 minutes from the head of the film and made many minor changes throughout.  Despite its creative marketing, or perhaps due to it, the film began to do well on the drive-in / grindhouse circuit.

Frankenstein’s Bloody Terror was also promoted as being in 70mm, even though Sherman had been working off a 35mm U.K. version of the film that had been called Hell’s Creatures. He'd used  70mm Chill-o-rama to describe the film after he had heard that it was originally produced and shot as a Hi Fi Stereo 70 m/m production.  What Sherman didn’t realize at the time was that Hi Fi Stereo 70 m/m was a German company that specialized in 3-D production.  The film was not however a true 70mm film, but that it was shot with both stereo eye views (the left and the right) anamorphically squeezed onto the 70mm frame.  When Sherman found out that he could market a 3-D version of Frankenstein’s Bloody Terror he pulled the flat version film from release and immediately set upon producing a 3-D version of the film.  This is when the trouble began.

Very few theatres in North America could play a 3-D film in the side-by-side 70mm format thatLa marca del Hombre lobo had been shot in. The film would have to be converted to a format that could be shown and that was the over-and-under format, one that would see an explosion in the early 80’s.  The film was converted by Film Effects of Hollywood who later prepared prints for another Hi-Fi Stereo 70mm production Leibe en drei dimensionen (1973) a.k.a. Love in 3-D.  The master elements used to create the over-and-under version were of poor quality according to Film Effects --likely because they were working from a 70mm print  duplicated from a negative that was now over 3 years old.
Images from the original 1969 Hi-Fi Stereo 70mm print 
of La marca del Hombre lobo.  It shows how left and 
right eye images were placed in a side-by-side format.
These images can be viewed in 3-D using the cross-eyed method. 

Sherman ran into further problems during the English audio versioning of the film.  Working with the English dub and effects that he had created for the flat version of Frankenstein’s Bloody Terror, Sherman found that the audio no longer was in sync.  It’s his belief that the flat version of the film and the 3-D version of the film may have utilized different takes.  It’s also possible that a different camera was used to photograph the flat version.  If this is the case any flat version of the film would be a poor indication of any 3 dimensional screen piercing effects of general shot composition that may exist in the flat version, making an assessment of the film‘s 3-D quality a tenuous one.

Compounding IIP and Sherman’s problems further was a deal he had made with investors in the 3-D version of Frankenstein’s Bloody Terror.  In addition to providing funds to help create the over-under prints they were also to supply the projection lenses, which would be used in theatres to recombine the left and right eye images for audiences.  A lucrative investment for them if the film were to be a success since every theatre showing the film would need to have one. Alas, the lenses were made cheaply out of poured acrylic plastic which wreaked havoc on the quality of projection.  No matter how well La marca del Hombre lobo had been made, Frankenstein’s Bloody Terror’s 3-D was a mess.  After it’s première screening a reviewer referred to the film as being seen “through glasses darkly“.  The 3-D release of Frankenstein’s Bloody Terror was a bust and negative word of mouth quickly killed it.  The film wouldn’t be seen again until it appeared on television, slowly building a fan base and helping to turn Paul Nashy into an icon.

So that’s a bit of back-story.  In my next post I’ll take a look at the film itself.


  1. Maybe the BEST blog I read all day..

    Fondest regards

  2. I'm thrilled you said that?!?


  3. I'm thrilled... if only because you're my first comment on the blog. I hope you read a lot of blogs in a day!

    There are a millions stories in the naked city of 3-D and I find them fascinating. Producers like Arch Obler spent a lifetime chasing the dream of stereoscopic film, and for actor/directors like Tony Anthony (almost forgotten now, his best films are often overshadowed by his spaghetti westerns) 3-D virtually ended his cinema career.

    There is a lot to cover and as sporadic as this blog may get stay tuned. It's an amazing world of film history, the films may not always be top notch but the struggles are epic.

  4. so they will release this on 3d blu ray? I hope so. twilight time put out 'man in the dark 3d' and it's excellent with no ghosting. on limited blu ray. screen archives website.

  5. I grabbed a copy of MAN IN THE DARK. The 3-D is beautiful. As one of the earliest of the 50's 3-D boom (officially the first studio release) the film itself contains some interesting out of the screen shots, that feel more like the use of 3-D in the eighties than the typical 50's fare. Early on there is a wonderful POV shot of a circle of doctors poking surgical instruments at the viewer. There's also a great jump scare of a bird (on a wire) flying out into the audience, an effect that would be repeated countless times in horror films with a bat substituting for the bird. There is a real sense of the film-makers exploring the technology. I hope we get to see a lot more of these early 3-D releases. THE MAZE and THE GLASS WEB are high on my list.

    As for FRANKENSTEIN'S BLOODY TERROR seeing any kind of North American release, I'd caution you to not hold your breath. Although I'm far from an insider, rumor has it that the 3-D material that does exist it in very poor shape, having turned red with age, and that Sam Sherman (the man who holds the rights to the American version) feels that it is worth a lot of money, likely more than Blu-ray sales could support.

    If any release is forthcoming, it will be a European version of LA MARCA DEL HOMBRE LOBO that could surface. It's the version I'd prefer to see, but right now it's but a dream. I've yet to hear any murmurs of it's existence.

  6. I saw FRANKENSTEIN'S BLOODY TERROR in 70mm 3D at Grauman's Chinese Theatre where it played during the original North American release. I thought the 3D was very effective. I was especially impressed by the scene in the underground cave and remember it to this day.

  7. May I ask where you got the images from the 70mm print?

    1. Sure. It's from a 1974 issue of American Cinematographer. The April Issue. It's from an article that discusses converting 65mm side by side 3-D to the over-under format. The photos weren't labeled but FBT was mentioned in the article.